These days we come across various applications that are cross platform supportive. Yet there are many Windows applications such as office suite of applications by Microsoft and so on, which are platform specific and cannot be directly run on different operating systems, be it Linux or Mac. This limits the application usage over wide platform by the users. In order to tackle them, some companies have come up with tools that enable to run Windows apps on Linux.
Below here, we have discussed two popular software: CrossOver 15 by CodeWeavers and Wine by Winetricks.
Run Windows Apps on Linux Using CrossOver 15
Released few months back, the CrossOver is a Windows compatibility layer, based on Wine, for Linux and Mac OS developed by CodeWeavers Company. It integrates well with GNOME to enable the execution of Windows applications on Linux distributions. Note that, this tool is free of cost only for 14 days trial version; you need to purchase it later.
- From the official page of CodeWeavers, download the CrossOver package. As I operate on Ubuntu 14.04, I have discussed installation of the .deb package of CrossOver 15.
- The recommended method for installing CrossOver on debian based systems (Ubuntu, Mint, or Debian) is by using gdebi. Open the terminal and enter the below command:
The installation is a bit time consuming.
- After the installation is complete, open the CrossOver tool, which has a quite simple interface. Click on the ‘Install Windows Software’.
- Next, the CrossOver Software Installer window will appear where you will be asked to select a Windows application to be installed on Linux.
The application you choose is described shortly along with the ratings. The options for browsing available applications and displaying installed applications are also provided below it. Click on ‘Continue’ to proceed further.
- You will have to then select an installer source file. Here, just for example, I selected Microsoft Word 2007 Windows application and thus, its .exe file must be selected as installer file.
- On clicking ‘Continue’, the last step of installing your app will begin. As you can see in the image below, the fonts of Word 2007 are being installed.
Once the installation is successfully completed, you will get a ‘Run Command’ window. Browse and choose the .exe file and click on ‘Run’, which uses the MS Word bottle to run the application.
Run Windows Apps on Linux Using Wine
Wine is another runtime environment that is used to run windows apps on Linux platform developed by Winetricks. Following are the steps to install Wine and gradually, run Windows apps through Wine tool.
1. Open the terminal and enter the command:
sudo apt-get install wine
You will have to wait as it will take some time.
2. Accept the Wine License and enter yes [y] to continue. The Wine thus gets installed. On opening the Wine tool, you will be asked about your task as to what would you want to do. Select ‘Install an app’ to install windows app.
3. Then, a list of packages will appear on the window. Consider you wish to install MS Paint. Select it and click ‘OK’.
4. Wait till the download completes.
Go to Terminal and type:
The app will get installed using wine command. It’s done! Your windows app is now ready to be used on Linux.
Continue Reading: Play Windows Games on Linux »
You can find many such compatibility layer software that help run Windows apps on Linux and Mac OS such as PlayOnLinux, a version of Wine that has a user-friendly and eye-catching GUI; this is a must try. No matter how much efficiency you experience executing the apps on other platforms; it is still recommended to run the apps on their respective operating systems. Remember that, there are possibilities of instability and ultimately crashing of programs, making it difficult for users to work on any particular one consistently.