In our previous tutorial, we showed you how to deploy a simple PHP web-page on Heroku which involved setting up Heroku toolbelt, configuring it, and deployment. In this tutorial we will be hosting a WordPress blog on Heroku. It will require the same procedure as involved in setting up PHP application, along with it we will be configuring our application to work with a database, which is also provided by Heroku known as Heroku Postgres (database as a service).
Note: This tutorial does not show how to migrate your existing blog to Heroku.
Heroku provides a free 5 MB database, which should be enough for getting started with WordPress. If you are looking for more space for your database please refer to the Heroku Pricing plans.
Here will be using a custom built of WordPress, it is available here. It comes built with PostgreSQL for WordPress and WordPress Read-only. Since Heroku does not provide MySQL, will be using PostgreSQL as our DB. (Also, Heroku does not provide write access on the file system, will be using a WordPress Read-only built).
Lets start by cloning the custom build of WordPress using Git. Please refer to using Git on Windows for more information on how to use Git. Clone the repository as `wordpress-heroku`, or download the repository from https://github.com/bkvirendra/wordpress-heroku/archive/master.zip
$ git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:bkvirendra/wordpress-heroku.git
Change your current directory to `wordpress-heroku`-
$ cd wordpress-heroku
Now create a Heroku app using:
$ heroku create
This will create a Heroku app using the cedar stack, and will return the name and URL of the app created. Here the name of the app created is `fierce-wildwood-8395` and the URL is http://fierce-wildwood-8395.herokuapp.com/
It will automatically add the Git remote, you can verify that using -
$ git remote -v >> heroku email@example.com:shrieking-castle-2891.git (fetch) >> heroku firstname.lastname@example.org:shrieking-castle-2891.git (push)
Now you need to add the database add-on to your app, this can be done using:
$ heroku addons:add heroku-postgresql:dev
It will return the attached as color name, (in the above output the color name is `HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_RED_URL`)
Now promote the database attached to the app. (replace the HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_COLOR_NAME with the color name you get from the previous step)
$ heroku pg:promote HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_COLOR_NAME --app APP_NAME
Now edit the `wp-config.php` file and update the unique keys and salts on lines 48-55. You can get the random values at here.
define('AUTH_KEY', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('LOGGED_IN_KEY', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('NONCE_KEY', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('AUTH_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('SECURE_AUTH_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('LOGGED_IN_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('NONCE_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here');
Commit the files.
$ git add . $ git commit -m “first wordpress commit” $ git push heroku master
And you’re WordPress blog will be deployed. You can visit the sample blog created at http://shrieking-castle-2891.herokuapp.com/
After deployment, WordPress will ask you to setup your site title, username and password. And that’s all.
Please note that, since Heroku does not provide the write access to the file-system, all the plugin installations and updates have to been made locally, and then pushed to Heroku. Please refer to this wiki for more information for setting up local environment, database syncing and media uploads.
If you’re facing any problems to deploy WordPress on Heroku let us know in form of comments below. Don’t forget to share this article with your friends on Facebook and Google+.