How to Create Repository in Linux

How to Create Repository in Linux

Today we will show you how to create repository in Linux. We know that we can install packages in Linux by using RPM (Red Hat Package Management) but disadvantage is that by using RPM we can’t install packages wich depend on other packages i.e dependencies. so in order to install packages which depend on other packages, we have to install packages by using YUM (Yellowdog Updater Modified). Actually YUM is added from RHEL5 onwards. YUM uses a repository for installation. YUM automatically computes dependencies and figure out what things should occur to install packages. YUM can install, remove upgrade or query the packages.

How to Create Repository?

Follow these tips to add a local repository in your hard drive, here I am showing how to create repository in RHEL6.

Step 1: Create any folder i.e Directory

# mkdir /var/ftp/pub

Create Repository Step 1

Step 2: Move all RHEL DVD files to this directory /var/ftp/pub

# cd /var/ftp/pub

Create Repository Step 2

Step 3: Append the file localRepo:

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d

Create Repository Step 3

# vi localRepo.repo

Create Repository Step 4


:wq! (Save and Quit)

Create Repository Step 5

Step 4: Create repository

#cd /var/ftp/pub/Packages

Create Repository Step 6

#rpm -ivh createrepo* --force

Create Repository Step 7

Create Repository Step 8

#createrepo -g /var/ftp/pub/repodata/repomd.xml /var/ftp/pub/Packages

Create Repository Step 9

Create Repository Step 10

Step 5: Run following command

# yum clean all

Create Repository Step 11

To checkout list of installed packages use following command:

# yum list installed

So this is all about how to create repository. Actually we make our system to know where repository is located i.e index.

Following video is not created by me, this video is created by Tim Tan, so the procedure is bit difference, you can follow any procedure :)

This is a guest post by Harkesh Kumar He is a senior student of Computer Science and Engineering. He has good experience in Linux environment.


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